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Individual Record for: Richard DE CLARE (male)

    Richard Fitzgilbert DE CLARE+
  Roger DE CLARE      Family Record
Richard DE CLARE      Family Record Alice DE MESCHINES+
  Maud De ST. HILLARY      Family Record
    Aveline DE LOUVAIN

Spouse Children
  (Family Record)

Event Date Details
Birth 1153 Place: Tunbridge Castle, Kent, England
Death 28 NOV 1217  

Attribute Details
Title Earl


REFN: 6140The Clare estates along with the earldom passed to Roger's so n, Richard, who for the next 4 decades until he d. in 1217, was the he ad of the great house of CLARE, adding immensely to the wealth, prestig e, and landed endowment of his line.

The Magna Carta Surety and the 4th Earl of Hertford, but like his father a nd his uncle was more generally known as the Earl of Clare. He was prese nt at the coronation of King Richard at Westminster on September 3, 118 9, and of King John on May 27, 1199. Richard de CLARE acquired half of t he former honor of Giffard in 1189 when King Richard I, in need of money f or the Third Crusade, agreed to divide the Giffard estates between Richa rd de CLARE and his cousin Isabel, Strongbow's dau. based on their clai ms tof descendancy to Rohese Giffard. Richard de CLARE obtained Long Crend on in Buckingham, the caput of the Giffard honor in England, associated ma nors in Buckingham, Cambridge, and Bedfordshire, and 43 knights' fee s, in addition to some former Giffard lands in Normandy. When Richard de C LARE's mother Maud d. in 1195, he obtained the honor of St. Hilary. Maud 's 2nd husband, William de Aubigny, Earl of Arundel, who had held St. Hila ry jure uxoris, d. in 1193, and despite the fact he had a son and heir, t he honor reverted to Maud and after her death escheated to the crown. Rich ard de CLARE offered D360 and acquired it. The honor later became absorb ed into the honor of CLARE and lost its separate identity.

Richard de CLARE's most important act, however, was his m. to Amicia, 2 nd dau. and eventual sole heir to William earl of Gloucester. The Gloucest er inheritance included the earldom and honor of Gloucester with over 2 60 knights' fees in England, along with the important marcher lordshi ps of Glamorgan and Gwynllwg.

In the 7th year of Richard I., gave 1,000 pounds to the king for live ry of the lands of his mother's inheritance, with his proportion of tho se sometimes belonging to Giffard, Earl of Buckingham. Then in 1200, wh en King John created Richard's wife Amicia's sisster Mabel's son Amaury Ea rl of Gloucester, Richard de CLARE and his son Gilbert were given a few es tates and 10 fees of the honor of Gloucester of Kent; otherwise, John ke pt the bulk of the honor, with the great lordships of Glamorgan and Gwynll wg. Mabel's son Amaury d. without issue in 1213 Shortly thereafter, John g ave the 1st Isabel in marriage to Geoffrey de Mandeville, earl of Essex, w ho was also created earl of Gloucester. When Geoffrey died, the inheritan ce was assigned to Hubert de Burgh, the justiciar. Hubert m. Countess Isab el shortly before her daeth in Oct. 1217, however, he did not retain the e states, since they passed to Amicia, now recognized as countess of Glouces tire, and her husband Richard de CLARE, despite the fact Richard and Amic ia had been separated since 1200.

He sided with the barons against King John and his castle of Tunbridge w as taken. On November 9, 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the pa rt of the barons to treat peace with the king. On March 4, 1215 or 1216 h is lands in cos. Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex were granted to Ro bert de Betun; and he and his son were among the barons excommunicat ed by the Pope in 1215.

Notes Source: bulkeley.txt

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